TSH - what does it mean and why should you care?

May 29, 2023

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the throat. It secretes hormones that aid in the regulation of various biological systems, including heart rate, metabolism, and body temperature. TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) testing determines the level of TSH in the blood. The results show how well a person's thyroid is working.

So, why is it vital to get your thyroid tested on a regular basis and why do you need managed care for this hormonal imbalance?

Thyroid hormones have an impact on almost every organ in your body, including your heart. They assist in the regulation of your weight, body temperature, muscular strength, and even your mood. Many of your body's processes slow down if you lack sufficient thyroid hormones in your blood while several physiological processes accelerate if you have excess thyroid hormones in your blood.

The normal TSH levels range from 0.4 to 4.0 MIU (milli-international units) per litre. If your thyroid level is lower or higher than normal, your doctor will prescribe medications and suggest further diagnosis if required. You must opt for preventive healthcare that will give you the care you require to bring your TSH in balance.

The common signs of an imbalanced thyroid function are -

1. Weight loss despite consuming more than normal

2. A fast or abnormal heartbeat

3. Feeling tense or irritable

4. Sleeping difficulties and exhaustion

5. Hand tremors, muscular weakness

6. Sweating or extreme heat sensitivity

7. Constant bowel motion

8. Goitre 

We are more likely to get thyroid if we:

1. Have a family history of the thyroid problem

2. Have a medical disease such as type 1 diabetes, pernicious anaemia,  rheumatoid arthritis, primary adrenal insufficiency, lupus, or Turner syndrome.

3. Are taking an iodine-containing medicine (amiodarone).

4. Are above 60, particularly women.

5. Have ever been treated for a thyroid problem or cancer. (thyroidectomy or radiation).

A poor lifestyle of improper sleep, undesirable dietary habits, smoking, drinking, and obesity can cause thyroid imbalance.

How is hypothyroid disease treated?

One must take thyroid hormones as a medication because if they have been diagnosed with hypothyroid. Levothyroxine is frequently prescribed, and the dosage is changed in accordance with your thyroid hormone levels.

If pregnant, take an iodine-rich diet, as it is crucial for the baby's health and brain development.

So, stay informed and stay healthy.  You can prevent diabetes, heart attack and even cancer by addressing thyroid issues promptly with the help of experts.

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